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Puppies grow at a rapid rate, sometimes as much as several inches per month in large breeds. This fast growth can put a strain on nutritional requirements that must be replenished on a daily basis. Picky eating can also cause nutritional problems. A high quality dog food specifically formulated for your puppy’s size will generally contain all the nutrition he needs, but some breeds may require additional vitamins for their unusually rapid growth.
Vitamin A is a component in most commercial dog food, and so additional amounts are not generally required. In fact, excess amounts of vitamin A can cause damage to blood vessels, joint pain and dehydration. Be aware of any excess vitamin A in vitamin supplements you are giving your puppy.
Although a certain amount of vitamin D is necessary for cell regeneration, too much can cause problems in dogs. It can harm their bones, cause muscle atrophy and decrease their natural appetite. Avoid vitamin supplements that contain high levels of vitamin D.
Vitamin E can have a beneficial effect on inflammation and joint pain. However, it is unlikely that a small puppy would suffer from these problems. Additional vitamin E may have a beneficial effect on coat and skin, but it should be given in excessive amounts.
Excessive amounts of calcium can cause bone disorders in large breed dogs. Dogs generally get sufficient amounts of calcium from the commercial dog food that they eat daily. Talk to your veterinarian before giving your puppy any additional amounts.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids are not actually vitamins, but they are nutritional supplements that can help to keep your puppies skin and coat in good condition. If your puppy has dry, itchy skin from heated indoor air, omega-3 fatty acids can help.